The mission of the Humanitarian Information Unit (HIU) is to serve as a U.S. Government interagency center to identify, collect, analyze, and disseminate all-source information critical to U.S. Government decision-makers and partners in preparation for and response to humanitarian emergencies worldwide, and to promote innovative technologies and best practices for humanitarian information management.
6 January 2022
| Dataset date: May 28, 2020-January 23, 2022
This dataset updates: Every year
The Office of the Geographer and Global Issues at the U.S. Department of State produces the Large Scale International Boundaries (LSIB) dataset, currently at version 10.2 (published 28 May 2021).
Sources for these data include treaties, relevant maps, and data from boundary commissions and national mapping agencies. Where available, the dataset incorporates information from courts, tribunals, and international arbitrations. The research and recovery of the data involves analysis of satellite imagery and elevation data. Due to the limitations of source materials and processing techniques, most lines are within 100 meters of their true position on the ground.
Attributes -- The dataset uses the following attributes:
Country Code: Country-level codes are from the Geopolitical Entities, Names, and Codes Standard (GENC). The Q2 code denotes a line representing a boundary associated with an area not in GENC.
Country Names: Names approved by the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Names for lines associated with a Q2 code are descriptive and are not necessarily BGN-approved.
Label: Required text label for the line segment where scale permits.
Rank/Status: Rank 1: International Boundary, Rank 2: Other Line of International Separation, Rank 3: Special Line
Notes: Explanation of any applicable special circumstances.
Cartographic Usage -- Depiction of the LSIB requires a visual differentiation between the three categories of boundaries: International Boundaries (Rank 1), Other Lines of International Separation (Rank 2), and Special Lines (Rank 3). Rank 1 lines must be the most visually prominent. Rank 2 lines must be less visually prominent than Rank 1 lines. Rank 3 lines must be shown in a manner visually subordinate to Ranks 1 and 2. Where scale permits, Rank 2 and 3 lines must be labeled in accordance with the “Label” field. Data marked with a Rank 2 or 3 designation does not necessarily correspond to a disputed boundary.
Additional cartographic information can be found in Guidance Bulletins published by the Office of the Geographer and Global Issues (https://hiu.state.gov/data/cartographic_guidance_bulletins/).
Questions -- Direct inquiries to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Additional formats and web services can be found on the State Department Data Catalog: https://geonode.state.gov
31 January 2018
| Dataset date: December 29, 2017-December 29, 2017
This dataset updates: Every year
The Office of the Geographer’s Global Large Scale International Boundary Detailed Polygons file combines two datasets, the Office of the Geographer’s Large Scale International Boundary Lines and NGA shoreline data. The LSIB is believed to be the most accurate worldwide (non- W. Europe) international boundary vector line file available. The lines reflect U.S. government (USG) policy and thus not necessarily de facto control. The 1:250,000 scale World Vector Shoreline (WVS) coastline data was used in places and is generally shifted by several hundred meters to over a km. There are no restrictions on use of this public domain data. The Tesla Government PiX team performed topology checks and other GIS processing while merging data sets, created more accurate island shoreline in numerous cases, and worked closely with the US Dept. of State Office of the Geographer on quality control checks.
Tesla Government’s Protected Internet Exchange (PiX) GIS team converted the LSIB linework and the island data provided by the State Department to polygons. The LSIB Admin 0 world polygons (Admin 0 polygons) were created by conflating the following datasets: Eurasia_Oceania_LSIB7a_gen_polygons, Africa_Americas_LSIB7a_gen_polygons, Africa_Americas_LSIB7a, Eurasia_LSIB7a, additional updates from LSIB8, WVS shoreline data, and other shoreline data from United States Government (USG) sources.
The two simplified polygon shapefiles were merged, dissolved, and converted to lines to create a single global coastline dataset. The two detailed line shapefiles (Eurasia_LSIB7a and Africa_Americas_LSIB7a) were merged with each other and the coastlines to create an international boundary shapefile with coastlines. The dataset was reviewed for the following topological errors: must not self overlap, must not overlap, and must not have dangles. Once all topological errors were fixed, the lines were converted to polygons. Attribution was assigned by exploding the simplified polygons into multipart features, converting to centroids, and spatially joining with the newly created dataset. The polygons were then dissolved by country name.
Another round of QC was performed on the dataset through the data reviewer tool to ensure that the conversion worked correctly. Additional errors identified during this process consisted of islands shifted from their true locations and not representing their true shape; these were adjusted using high resolution imagery whereupon a second round of QC was applied with SRTM digital elevation model data downloaded from USGS. The same procedure was performed for every individual island contained in the islands from other USG sources.
After the island dataset went through another round of QC, it was then merged with the Admin 0 polygon shapefile to form a comprehensive world dataset. The entire dataset was then evaluated, including for proper attribution for all of the islands, by the Office of the Geographer.