This map illustrates satellite-detected damage and destruction in the city of Fallujah, Al Anbar Province, Iraq. Using satellite imagery acquired 28 and 29 June 2016, UNOSAT identified 491 destroyed structures, 300 severely damaged structures, and 453 moderately damaged structure. This latest analysis, combined with a previous UNOSAT analysis (done using an image from 30 November 2014), indicates a total of 1,422 destroyed structures (an increase of 53% from 2014), 604 severely damaged structures (an increase of 99% from 2014), and 578 moderately damaged structures (an increase of 362% from 2014). The total number of destroyed or damaged structures therefore increased from 1,360 to 3,964, an increase of 191%. This is a preliminary analysis and has not yet been validated in the field. Please send ground feedback to UNITAR - UNOSAT.
UNOSAT datasets and maps are produced using a variety of methods. In general, analysts closely review satellite imagery, often comparing two or more images together, and determine notable changes between the images. For damage assessments, refugee or IDP assessments, and similar analyses, these changes are then manually documented in the vector data by the analyst. For flood extractions, landcover mapping and similar analyses, a variety of automated remote sensing techniques are used to extract the relevant information which is then reviewed and revised as necessary by the analyst. In all cases, resulting data is then loaded into a standardized UNOSAT geodatabase and exported asshapefiles for dissemination.
Caveats / Comments
This is a preliminary assessment and has not yet been validated in the field. It is important to consider the characteristics of the source imagery used in the analyses when interpreting results. For damage assessments it should be noted that only significant damage to the structural integrity of the buildings analyzed can be seen in imagery, while minor damage such as cracks or holes may not be visible at all. For flood extractions using radar data it is important to note that urban areas and highly vegetated areas may mask the flood signature and result in underestimation of flood waters. Users with specific questions or concerns should contact email@example.com to seek clarification.