About 13.1 million people are estimated to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity. This represents 23% of the rural population of 101 territories, out of 145 territories;
Areas affected by armed and inter-ethnic / community conflict continue to be the most vulnerable to acute food insecurity. In fact, 9 territories were classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4). These are the Djugu territories (Ituri); Kalemie, Nyunzu and Manono (Tanganyika); Mitwaba and Pweto (Upper Katanga); Kamonia and Mweka (Kasai); and Miabi (Kasai Oriental). Thirty-one other territories were classified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and are scattered across the country, including in stable areas;
Several factors are at the root of this overall deterioration in the food insecurity situation observed between June 2017 and June 2018. This is mainly due to the sharp rise in the armed conflict in the country since 2017, particularly in Ituri and South Kivu, and clashes in Tanganyika and Kasai. These conflicts have caused new displacements of populations and further deteriorated household food security.
The DRC “Common Narrative for the fight against malnutrition estimates” about 6 million malnourished children and 7.2 million women with anemia confirming the magnitude estimated by the IPC analysis;
The number of health areas in alert increased from 7.5% in 2017 to 14% in 2018;
Low health coverage for pregnant, breastfeeding women and in particular for children, in addition to a rural economy limited to subsistence ;
Nearly 50% of corn production losses due to fall armyworm and other crop pests;
General poverty in rural areas limiting financial access to basic services and certain food groups rich in animal protein.