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According to the IFRC, a disaster is "a sudden, calamitous event that seriously disrupts the functioning of a community or society and causes human, material, and economic or environmental losses that exceed the community's or society's ability to cope using its own resources. Though often caused by nature, disasters can have human origins." This indicator uses ReliefWeb's "primary country" classification to collect the number of disasters per country. Primary country is the single country most relevant to the entry in their system. Only one country can be a primary country.